9 basic things you should consider before buying a smartphone- A guide

9 Basic Things you should consider before Buying a Smartphone

Below is a guide before buying your dream smartphone

1.Processor
2.RAM
3.Camera
4.Storage
5.Display
6.Operating Frequency
7.Battery
8.Software
9.Design

Processor

Quality of the cores is important than the number of cores.  Is 8 cores better than 4 cores? Not necessarily. Unless you are an avid gamer (or even then), you don’t need 8 cores.  Below are some options  Budget – Snapdragon 410, MT6732, MT6735  Mid-range – MT6752, Snapdragon 615, MT6795T  High-end – Snapdragon 810 (2nd Gen), Snapdragon 808  Snapdragon 800, 801, 805 are also good option for mid-range buyers.

RAM

More RAM Might Not Improve Performance. RAM in phones work a little different than in PC.  Your recent apps are cached in RAM so more RAM will allow you to switch between apps faster.  If you are into experimenting and keeping several apps on your phone, you should opt for more RAM.

Camera

High Megapixels Count doesn’t mean better camera performance. It just adds more details to the picture.  The camera quality depends on a number of hardware and software factors.  The size of the camera sensor makes most difference than MP, just to mention one factor.  A 3.2 MP with Carl Zeiss Optics can shoot a better picture than a 8 MP normal optics.

Storage

Internal storage or NAND flash storage is very critical to your smartphone performance. More of it is always a good thing.  A phone with 64 GB internal memory will perform better than a phone with 8 GB internal and 64 GB Micro SD.  Choose for a phone which has more than 16GB internal memory for a better performance.

Display Resolution

Not all HD displays are equal. Despite high resolution and high pixel per inch value, you might have a bland LCD.  Color reproduction, brightness and sunlight visibility are the factors which you should consider. AMOLED or LCD?
AMOLED LCD • Deep Contrasts • Awesome Black • Bit Oversaturated Colors • Predominant Blue Tinge • Brighter • Better Viewing angles • Better Sunlight visibility

Operating frequency

Now it’s the 4G era. Make your phone future proof by opting a phone that supports 4G. 4G will give you faster data transfer rates.  A LTE enabled phone is backward compatible, so it will support 3G and 2G networks too.
2G GSM 850, GSM 1900 3G UMTS 850, UMTS 1900, UMTS 1700, UMTS 2100 4G LTE 700, LTE 800, LTE 1700, LTE 1900, LTE 2100, LTE WCS 2300 (30), LTE 2500

Battery

High mAh rating in no way means better battery life.  Software optimization and Hardware contributes to the Battery life.  New generation processors gives better battery life than old generation processor with thousands of mAH.  Your mileage may vary depending on how you use your phone,  how much power hungry the display is  how long you have LTE enabled on the phone  how efficiently your software handles CPU cores

Software

Latest the better.  Buy a most updated software to be future proof and bug proof.  The latest software means you have the latest hardware to handle the new features.  Buy the phone with latest updated software preinstalled or the one with promised upgrade for the software.

Design

Design of the phone attributes to the first impression of the phone  Uni-body aluminum design looks more premium than a plastic phone. Edge to Edge display design will give you a bigger display without increasing overall size of the phone.

New Oneplus 3T Gunmetal unboxing , hands on and review

New One plus 3T 64 GB|6 GB RAM|Gunmetal unboxing and review.
Buy Here: OnePlus 3T

  • 16MP primary camera (f/2.0 Aperture, 1.12 µm Pixel size) with high speed autofocus technology (PDAF), updated Electronic (EIS) and Optical (OIS) stabilization technologies protected by a more durable sapphire glass with a 16 MP front camera (f/2.0 Aperture, 1.0 µm Pixel size) capable of capturing improved low-light selfies and videos.
  • 13.97 centimeters (5.5-inch) Optic AMOLED Full HD capacitive touchscreen with 1920 x 1080 pixels resolution and 401 PPI pixel density.
  • OxygenOS based on Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow(Upgrade to Noughat) with Qualcomm® SnapdragonTM 821 MSM8996 Pro (2.35 GHz) quad core processor; Adreno 530 GPU 6GB LPDDR4 RAM, 64GB internal memory (UFS 2.0 Flash Storage).
  • Dual nano-SIM dual-standby (4G+4G).
  • 3,400 mAh lithium-polymer battery (non-removable) powered by state-of-the-art Dash Charge (5V 4A) technology; NFC enabled, Bluetooth 4.2and reversible type-C connector.
  • 1 year manufacturer warranty for device and 6 months manufacturer warranty for in-box accessories including batteries from the date of purchase.

12 Places on earth, you are not allowed to visit

Somethings cannot be bought with money, for everything else there is mastercard or Visa ;P.
These are the places in the world where you are not allowed to visit.


1.Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion (Ethiopia)

  • Original Ark of the Covenant (a chest containing the stone tablets on which the Ten Commandments were etched).
  • Only a specially chosen priest can enter this church

2.Poveglia Island (Italy)

  • This was used primarily as a quarantine colony.
  • Its believed to be haunted by ghosts of plague victims.

3.The Queen’s Bedroom (Buckingham Palace)

  • Nobody is allowed to visit the queen’s bedroom.
  •  Scotland Yard that protects this royal palace.

4.The Vatican Secret Archives (The Vatican City)

  • Apart from the Pope and a few extremely learned scholars, nobody else can enter the archive housing confidential (and possibly controversial) documents of the Catholic Church.

5.Svalbard Global Seed Vault

  • It sits about 1,3000 kilometers from the north pole.
  • The vault exists as insurance against the loss of seeds in other genebanks during large-scale global crises.
  • The Norwegian government spent some $45 million US dollars themselves constructing the seed vault that stores over 10,000 seed samples of 2,000 cultivars for 300 different plant species.

6.Lascaux Caves (France)

  • These caves contains Paleolithic cave paintings are 17,300 years old .
  • It have shut its doors on humans since 1963.
  • Scientists say that human presence deteriorates these paintings.

7.Niihau Island (Hawaii)

  • This island has been made off-limits to all except relatives of the island’s owners, US Navy personnel.
  • It has been done to preserve its culture and wildlife.

8.The Jiangsu National Security Education Museum (China)

  • It is said to have the collection of tiny pistols, miniature cameras, and concealed wiretaps and spy gadgets used by the Chinese.

9.Pine Gap (Australia)

  • It is jointly operated by Australia and the USA military.
  • Pine Gap is a satellite tracking station that controls America’s spy satellites hovering above China, parts of Russia and the oil fields of the Middle East.

10.North Sentinel Island ( Andaman Islands )

  • North Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
  • A group of indigenous people, the Sentinelese, live on North Sentinel Island.
  • They reject any contact with other people, and are among the last people to remain virtually untouched by modern civilization.

11.Area 51 (USA)

  • This is a military base where experimental aircrafts and weapons are developed by the Americans.
  • The USA barely acknowledges its existence.

12.Ilha da Queimada Grande(Brazil)

  • Ilha da Queimada Grande, also known as Snake Island, is an island off the coast of Brazil in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Due to the number of snakes and toxicity of their venom, the Brazilian Navy took action and closed the island to the public

I dare you to visit these places and post a selfie

resonate-wifi-router-ups-or-modem-ups

Power Bank for WiFi Router | Upto 7 Hours Backup | Compact Router UPS

ADSL Modem or Wifi Router UPS

Resonate Power banks are one of the most sold and highly rated Router UPS or Modem UPS on Amazon and other online e-commerce sites in India. I happened to buy this last week for my Airtel Modem cum Router and on initial testing I was getting 7 hours back up. The product is compatible with most of the 12v routers and modems sold in the market. The product design is very compact and solid and does the job as expected.

The switching is really fast for uninterrupted signal. Instead of buying a bulky UPS or investing huge money on a home inverter, if modem/router is the only device you need backup during power failure i really recommend you to buy this. The installation is very simple and no technical knowledge is required. Since the size or UPS device is very small, it can easily hide behind the router itself.

You can buy the product from Amazon Here.

Resonate RouterUPS Power Backup for WiFi Router (Black)

resonate-wifi-router-ups-or-modem-ups

resonate-wifi-router-ups-or-modem-ups

Customer Reviews on Resonance Wifi Router UPS/ Modem Router

"WHEN POWER GOES, THE WIFI DOESN'T..!"
Ideas are so elegantly simple, we ask ourselves 'why didn't anyone think of that before?' We all will get 
struck by this thought when we starts knowing about the Router UPS which was owned by the Bangalore-based Resonate. 
The Router UPS is just that, a palm -sized battery backup for all standard routers that offers up to 2000 mAh and 
4 hours of backup -- enough for most urban power cuts. The UPS comes with three different bridge cables, 
which between them should match any router in the market. You remove the power adapter that comes with the 
router and insert the UPS between the router and the adapter, then plug the adapter to the mains. Thats it..! Hats off to Resonate.
( I STRONGLY RECOMMEND TO EACH AND EVERY USER HAVING ROUTER, TO PURCHASE THIS PRODUCT WITH THE EARLIEST. 
A GENUINE TRUSTWORTHY PRODUCT FROM RESONATE, ITS A PROMISE )

"Seamlessly keeps the router on. Last easily up to 4 hours without power. 
Perfect for home use where uninterpreted power supply is needed for the router, 
for gaming or office work purposes"

"Compact UPS powers Linksys wifi without any issue
Works as advertised and connects directly to Linksys WRT54G wifi router. 
Supplies power for over an hour, haven't had a power outage long enough to see how long it can last. 
Gets the job done at a reasonable price so we can enjoy wireless service in the house uninterrupted. 
However, this model does not come with a splitter, so if you need to power a DSL or cable modem separately, 
you either need to get a UPS that comes with the dual output (and a bigger battery) or purchase splitter cables separately."

Features of this Router or Modem UPS product are

  • Un-interrupted WiFi as you work, play and shop from home
  • Up to 4 hours of power backup for your WiFi or ADSL router
  • Intelligent electrical safety protection circuits with battery management systems
  • Compatible with all 12V, <2A powered WiFi, WiFi/ADSL routers
  • Certified Product : FCC, CE, RoHS
  • 6 month warranty

 

router-ups-product-close-up

router-ups-product-close-up

Resonance Router UPS Description

RouterUPS is a certified and reliable power backup specifically designed for your WiFi, WiFi/ADSL router. Now you can experience uninterrupted WiFi and get complete peace of mind while you work, play and shop from home. It has an intelligent battery management system that automatically charges the battery when the power is on and seamlessly switches to battery during power cuts. RouterUPS provides upto 4 hours of power uninterrupted power backup depending on the make, model and specification of your WiFi router. It is also DIY friendly and can be installed in less than 2 minutes to your WiFi Router. Comes with a range of bridge cables that supports most WiFi routers.

Power (Input) : 12V ,<2A +/- 5%. Power (Output) : 12V, <2A +/- 5%. Contents : 1 RouterUPS, 4 Bridge Cables, 1 Instruction Manual, 1 Warranty Card

Letter to AO to correct wrong assessment year

Wrong Assessment Year in Income Tax Challan| How I Fixed it|Correct Tax Challan

Wrong Assessment Year in Income Tax Challan| How I Fixed it

I hope you have reached here because you have entered wrong Assessment Year in your Income Tax challan, maybe while paying Self-assessment Tax. I know well what you are going through right now, because I’ve been through that. I am a freelancer and when I paid my fist Self-assessment tax in 2014, I did the same mistake. My bad luck starts here, I had put financial year as assessment year. I was really pissed off with myself when I realised that what I did was a big blunder and AY should be the next year of FY. When I check my form 26 AS the credit has been given to wrong year.

If you are not late you can follow the steps here to contact you bank and correct your challan. 

Immediately when I realized the mistake, I picked up my phone and called the bank through which I had paid the challan, ICICI bank. Thank you for the uneducated and unaware customer service executive who said they cannot do anything about that and they are not authorized to change challan details (as per recent updates from IT some fields in challan can be corrected on request by Bank Manager within 7 days or so, which I did not have then). I had paid almost 10k INR. When I check online I couldn’t get any other help other that “Contact your AO”. There was no challan correction mechanism suggested by ITD during that time which you can find now if you google it.

Letter to AO to correct wrong assessment year

Letter to AO to correct wrong assessment year

Now what the hell his AO, after doing lot of research, I found details of my AO, but not his name, on income tax e-filing website along with his address. I wrote a letter to him and I posted it via speed post. Again my bad luck strikes in, the address of AO mentioned in the site was wrong, but the best part is that the AO where my letter was delivered, was kind enough to call me and tell the fact that  I have sent letter to wrong address and she gave me the right address. Meanwhile I got an intimation u/s 143 from IT saying I have not paid tax and they have found some matching payments. But unless I move the tax credit to the correct year, I cannot file a rectification.

So now I resent the letter to new address and got confirmation from speed post that the letter was delivered to AO. I waited for two weeks and kept checking my 26AS for updates. Noting happened. I really don’t wanted to pay 10k again. Going and meeting my AO is person was not practical as I was out of station. I searched online for phone numbers. I got the directory of phone numbers from google, I tried all the numbers and finally the Pr. CIT officer picked up. I explained to him my situation and he gave me my AOs name and contact details. At last I got to talk to my AO, a very kind man. When I mentioned my name and about my letter he said he will look into it, he promised that the AY has been changed now and will reflect in 26AS after one week. I said I will call after a week. Now I’m waiting for 26 AS to get updated. Will update the thread as soon as my 26AS gets updated.

I’m sharing the letter that I had send to AO, below.

Click here to download the file

UPDATE:

15/09/2016: Finally got my Assessment Year Changed in Income Tax challan and the credit reflected to the correct year on Form 26AS

Tracking PPF calculator yearly

Public Provident Fund Returns PPF Calculator Download

PPF (Public Provident Fund) Returns Calculator

This PPF calculator and tracker is one of the most reliable Public Provident Fund returns calculator available online. You can use this tool to calculate amount earned against a fixed monthly installment as well as you can use this to track your PPF payments and use this as a passbook if you are not paying monthly.

You can change the interest rates and deposit values and calculate the interest expected against the investment made every year. The spreadsheet is capable of computing year wise calculations.

Tracking PPF calculator yearly

Tracking PPF calculator yearly

Click to Download PPF Calculator

 Public Provident Fund Rules

  1. The Public Provident Fund Scheme is a statutory scheme of the Central Government of India.
  2. The Scheme is for 15 years.
  3. Public Provident Fund Interest Rate is fixed by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, annually, and at present is 8.7% compounded annually (as of April 1st 2014 – March 31st 2015).
  4. The minimum deposit is 500/- and maximum is Rs. 1,50,000/- in a financial year.
  5. One deposit with a minimum amount of Rs.500/- is mandatory in each financial year.
  6. The deposit can be in lumpsum or in convenient installments, not more than 12 Installments in a year or two installments in a month subject to total deposit of Rs.1,50,000/- per FY.
  7. It is not mandatory to make a deposit in every month of the year. The amount of deposit can be varied to suit the convenience of the account holders.
  8. The account in which deposits are not made for any reasons is treated as discontinued account and such account can not be closed before maturity.
  9. The discontinued account can be activated by payment of minimum deposit of Rs.500/- with default fee of Rs.50/- for each defaulted year.
  10. Account can be opened by an individual or a minor through the guardian.
  11. Joint account is not permissible.
  12. Those who are contributing to GPF Fund or CPF/PF account can also open a PPF account.
  13. A Power of attorney holder can neither open or operate a PPF account.
  14. The grand father/mother cannot open a PPF account on behalf of their minor
  15. grand son/daughter.
  16. The deposits shall be in multiple of Rs.100/- subject to minimum amount of Rs.500/-.
  17. The deposit in a minor account is clubbed with the deposit of the account of the Guardian for the limit of Rs.1,50,000/-.
  18. No age is prescribed for opening a PPF account.
  19. According to Public Provident Fund Scheme 1968, the facility of loan against the PPF deposits is available from 4th to 6th year of deposit to the extent of 25 % of the amount deposited as at the end of the last financial year. The loan is repayable in 36 months. There is a lock-in period of 15 years and the money can be withdrawn in whole after its maturity period. However, pre-mature withdrawals can be made from the end of the sixth financial year from when the commenced. The maximum amount that can be withdrawn pre-maturely is equal to 50% of the amount that stood in the account at the end of 4th year preceding the year in which the amount is withdrawn or the end of the preceding year whichever is lower.
  20. Public Provident Fund Withdrawal or Pre-mature closure of a PPF Account is not permissible except in case of death
  21. Nominee/legal heir of PPF Account holder on death of the account holder can not continue the account, but account has to be closed.
  22. The account holder has an option to extend the PPF account for any period in a block of 5 years on each time.
  23. The account holder can retain the account after maturity for any period without making any further deposits. The balance in the account will continue to earn interest at normal rate as admissible on PPF account till the account is closed.
  24. One withdrawal in each financial year is also admissible in such account held beyond 15 years subject to a ceiling of 60% of the balance at the end of the 15 year term.
  25. The PPF scheme is operated through Post Office and Nationalized banks through its authorized branches as per GOI notification.{ Presently Bank of India is having 275+1250(new approved on 1.8.2014) branches }
  26. Account is transferable from one Post office to another and from Post office to Bank and from Bank to Post office.
  27. Account is transferable from one Bank to another bank as well as within the bank to any branch.
  28. Deposits in PPF qualify for rebate under section 80-C of Income Tax Act.
  29. The interest on deposits is totally tax free.
  30. Deposits are exempt from wealth tax.
  31. The balance amount in PPF account is not subject to attachment under any order or decree of court in respect of any debt or liability.
  32. More than one person nomination facility available.
  33. Best for long term investment.
  34. Bank of India is one of the best Bank where deposits are accepted intersol and since it provides better flexibility like standing instructions through net Banking.
  35. The forms are available on Bank’s website under Download( please see it on the bottom of your web page)
Calculation of monthly PPF returns

Calculation of monthly PPF returns

Documents Required for PPF Account

Documents for the PPF account are similar to the any other account in banks.

  1. A recent passport size photograph.
  2. Identity Proof copy with original to verify( Even PAN Card may be accepted as all tax payers are having it)
  3. Address Proof copy with original to verify
  4. Account opening form for PPF( available on Bank’s website)
  5. Paying in slip for PPF a/c ( available on Bank’s website)
  6. Nomination form for PPF ( available on Bank’s website)
  7. Account number of the saving account in respective bank( if you are having you’re a/c with the Bank)
  8. If net banking has not yet been taken, it is better to take it in your SB A/C for which a simple form for net Banking is to be filled for existing a/c holders. If you are opening new a/c then you may opt for Welcome KIT in which you will receive Debit card,Net Banking and cheque book instantly
  9. There are 275 old branches the list of which is available on Bank’s website under download. 1250 more branches have been authorized on 1st August,2014 by official Gazette Notification of GOI Ministry of Finance. These branches may provide you your passbook later on as they may not be having ready stationery with them but they may complete other formalities.
  10. The best time for deposit in the PPF a/c is between 1st to 5th of the month as any amt deposited upto 5th of the month ( Interest is calculated on the balance between 5th and last day of the month)
Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

Is it safe to eat waxed Apples? Yes.|Major Misconceptions|Truth|Apple Wax in India

Is it safe to eat an Apple with wax coating? The answer is YES*. But it might not be YES always. There is nothing to panic if you find wax on Apples when you scratch with your nails, it is there for a purpose. Apple waxing is considered as a Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives. When I say “Good Manufacturing Practice”, I mean that it is an inevitable part of fruit processing. There are certain things that you need to know about Apple Wax before getting into wrong conclusions. If the wax treatment is as per permitted standards and residue is within the specified limits, intake of this wax does not cause any harm. Canauba wax is the most commonly used Apple wax used for waxing. It is a product extracted from certain kind of palm in Brazil.

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

What makes waxing necessary for Apples and other fruits?

If you didn’t know farm fresh apple has a natural layer of wax, which prevents it from drying and losing water. Artificial waxing is only a supplement, because this natural wax layer (protective layer of epicuticular wax) is lost during the intense washing and cleaning processes in the factory. And it is necessary to have this coating to prevent attacks from bugs and drying by losing water. Additionally, waxing apple gives a glossy touch to the apples, making it more appealing and tempting.

Wax treatment is a standard practice of processing fruits and vegetables since 1920. One pound of the wax can be used to process as may as 1,50,000 apples. To be more precise, this will leave only a residue of 2 drops per apple, which is literally nothing. I should add that the waxing method is Legal in all the developed countries like the U.S.A and Australia. Difference is only with the type of wax that are permitted to use. This method is also in practice for other fruits like Orange and vegetable like cucumber.

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple Wax Usage in India

India is one of the top 5 Apple producers in the World. So what does food safety authority of India (fssai) say about this?

“As per rule 48-E of the PFA Rules, 1955, fresh fruits and vegetables shall be free from rotting and also from coating of waxes, mineral oils and colours. However, there is provision for coating fresh fruits with food additive viz. bee wax (white / yellow) carnauba wax or shellac wax as glazing agent in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives under proper label declaration as defined in sub-rule (ZZZ) (24) of Rule 42. Bee wax (white and yellow) or carnauba wax or shellac wax are permitted to be used in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives”

Royal Gala Apple from India

Royal Gala Apple from India

Don’t go with the Misconception! Don’t peel the Apple

Most of us are under an impression that the wax on Apples are toxic chemicals and I’ve heard this theory a lot. I know lot of people who peel Apple before eating, especially for feeding kids, worrying about the wax coating. In that case you are trashing most of the fibers and nutrients in the Apple. Unless you are certain that the wax used doesn’t comply to the local food safety authority standards, it would be a big fallacy to peel the Apple before eating. Said that, don’t forget to wash it thoroughly before eating.

I believe that this post was able to clarify your misconceptions. Share this news to your loved ones and comment below if you have any queries.

[:HI]Is it safe to eat an Apple with wax coating? The answer is YES*. But it might not be YES always. There is nothing to panic if you find wax on Apples when you scratch with your nails, it is there for a purpose. Apple waxing is considered as a Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives. When I say “Good Manufacturing Practice”, I mean that it is an inevitable part of fruit processing. There are certain things that you need to know about Apple Wax before getting into wrong conclusions. If the wax treatment is as per permitted standards and residue is within the specified limits, intake of this wax does not cause any harm. Canauba wax is the most commonly used Apple wax used for waxing. It is a product extracted from certain kind of palm in Brazil.

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

What makes waxing necessary for Apples and other fruits?

If you didn’t know farm fresh apple has a natural layer of wax, which prevents it from drying and losing water. Artificial waxing is only a supplement, because this natural wax layer (protective layer of epicuticular wax) is lost during the intense washing and cleaning processes in the factory. And it is necessary to have this coating to prevent attacks from bugs and drying by losing water. Additionally, waxing apple gives a glossy touch to the apples, making it more appealing and tempting.

Wax treatment is a standard practice of processing fruits and vegetables since 1920. One pound of the wax can be used to process as may as 1,50,000 apples. To be more precise, this will leave only a residue of 2 drops per apple, which is literally nothing. I should add that the waxing method is Legal in all the developed countries like the U.S.A and Australia. Difference is only with the type of wax that are permitted to use. This method is also in practice for other fruits like Orange and vegetable like cucumber.

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple Wax Usage in India

India is one of the top 5 Apple producers in the World. So what does food safety authority of India (fssai) say about this?

“As per rule 48-E of the PFA Rules, 1955, fresh fruits and vegetables shall be free from rotting and also from coating of waxes, mineral oils and colours. However, there is provision for coating fresh fruits with food additive viz. bee wax (white / yellow) carnauba wax or shellac wax as glazing agent in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives under proper label declaration as defined in sub-rule (ZZZ) (24) of Rule 42. Bee wax (white and yellow) or carnauba wax or shellac wax are permitted to be used in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives”

Royal Gala Apple from India

Royal Gala Apple from India

Don’t go with the Misconception! Don’t peel the Apple

Most of us are under an impression that the wax on Apples are toxic chemicals and I’ve heard this theory a lot. I know lot of people who peel Apple before eating, especially for feeding kids, worrying about the wax coating. In that case you are trashing most of the fibers and nutrients in the Apple. Unless you are certain that the wax used doesn’t comply to the local food safety authority standards, it would be a big fallacy to peel the Apple before eating. Said that, don’t forget to wash it thoroughly before eating.

I believe that this post was able to clarify your misconceptions. Share this news to your loved ones and comment below if you have any queries.

[:de]Is it safe to eat an Apple with wax coating? The answer is YES*. But it might not be YES always. There is nothing to panic if you find wax on Apples when you scratch with your nails, it is there for a purpose. Apple waxing is considered as a Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives. When I say “Good Manufacturing Practice”, I mean that it is an inevitable part of fruit processing. There are certain things that you need to know about Apple Wax before getting into wrong conclusions. If the wax treatment is as per permitted standards and residue is within the specified limits, intake of this wax does not cause any harm. Canauba wax is the most commonly used Apple wax used for waxing. It is a product extracted from certain kind of palm in Brazil.

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

Assorted Apple, Apple Wax is Visible

What makes waxing necessary for Apples and other fruits?

If you didn’t know farm fresh apple has a natural layer of wax, which prevents it from drying and losing water. Artificial waxing is only a supplement, because this natural wax layer (protective layer of epicuticular wax) is lost during the intense washing and cleaning processes in the factory. And it is necessary to have this coating to prevent attacks from bugs and drying by losing water. Additionally, waxing apple gives a glossy touch to the apples, making it more appealing and tempting.

Wax treatment is a standard practice of processing fruits and vegetables since 1920. One pound of the wax can be used to process as may as 1,50,000 apples. To be more precise, this will leave only a residue of 2 drops per apple, which is literally nothing. I should add that the waxing method is Legal in all the developed countries like the U.S.A and Australia. Difference is only with the type of wax that are permitted to use. This method is also in practice for other fruits like Orange and vegetable like cucumber.

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple without Wax Coating

Apple Wax Usage in India

India is one of the top 5 Apple producers in the World. So what does food safety authority of India (fssai) say about this?

“As per rule 48-E of the PFA Rules, 1955, fresh fruits and vegetables shall be free from rotting and also from coating of waxes, mineral oils and colours. However, there is provision for coating fresh fruits with food additive viz. bee wax (white / yellow) carnauba wax or shellac wax as glazing agent in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives under proper label declaration as defined in sub-rule (ZZZ) (24) of Rule 42. Bee wax (white and yellow) or carnauba wax or shellac wax are permitted to be used in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Practice for use of food additives”

Royal Gala Apple from India

Royal Gala Apple from India

Don’t go with the Misconception! Don’t peel the Apple

Most of us are under an impression that the wax on Apples are toxic chemicals and I’ve heard this theory a lot. I know lot of people who peel Apple before eating, especially for feeding kids, worrying about the wax coating. In that case you are trashing most of the fibers and nutrients in the Apple. Unless you are certain that the wax used doesn’t comply to the local food safety authority standards, it would be a big fallacy to peel the Apple before eating. Said that, don’t forget to wash it thoroughly before eating.

I believe that this post was able to clarify your misconceptions. Share this news to your loved ones and comment below if you have any queries.

Faucet with Water Filer at Tip

3 Easy Steps to Repair Low Water-flow in Faucets Yourself | DIY |How To

[:en]Hardness in the water leaves mineral deposits in faucet filters and aerators reducing the water flow. These scales or clogs increases with time blocking the water flow completely.”

Causes of reduced Pressure in Faucets

If you are living in a metro or if you are dependent on bore wells for your water needs, there is an elevated probability that the water flowing through your plumbing system is “Hard-water“. Hardness in water is caused due to dissolved minerals. Hardness can be classified as temporary hardness or permanent hardness depending on the type of dissolved minerals. Hardness in water is considered as a major cause of corrosion in pipe lines and plumbing fixtures.

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

Enough of theory, let me focus on one of the most common issue caused by hard-water, “Clogging in Taps or Faucets“. Most of the faucets available in the market have removable filters (see image below) at the tip. These filters are provided either to work as aerators (a mechanism to add air bubbles in low-flow faucets) or to filter out dirt and debris in water. Hardness in the water causes scale formations which sediment on the pipe walls. When water flows through the pipe, scales are carried along with the flowing water and deposited in these filters at the outlet of faucets.

Faucet with Water Filer at Tip

Faucet with Water Filter at Tip

This sedimentation leads to reduced discharge from taps which is very irritating. If the pressure of water flow from your faucet reduces over time and you have a faucet with filter mechanism you can confirm that water hardness is the villain. Follow these steps to fix it.

Step 1

First step is to identify the type of faucet that you have. Most of the taps with filter will have a notch or groove at the tip, as you see in the image above. If you can find it, it is definite that the aerator/filter is removable. You can remove the filter with your bare hands by turning it in anti-clockwise direction. If the fitting is too old, it might be too hard to open it with your bare hands. If that is the case, you can use a spanner (usually #20) to open it, holding against the notch. Be careful not to leave any scratch on the tap. Keeping cloth while opening is a good practice.

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Step 2

Shocked seeing the amount of dirt? Removed filter might look like the one shown in the image below or worse. You can see thick scales and dirt deposited in the filter. Clean it thoroughly under running water. You can use your old toothbrush to scrub the hard deposits.

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Step 3

After cleaning the deposits, your aerator should look like this. Now you can put this back in-place buy turning the filter clockwise direction. Tighten it just enough avoid water dripping from the sides of the filter. Feel the thread while you do this. Don’t hesitate to remove and put it back if you feel that the thread is not correct. You will have to repeat this process once in two months or maybe more frequently depending on the quality of supply water. I hope this post was useful and won’t call your plumber next time to fix this silly issue.

Fauced Filter after Cleaning

Faucet Filter after Cleaning

Check the flow now. I’m sure that the pressure has almost doubled now. Congo! you have done it. Do share, comment and like the post if this was useful.

3 Easy Steps to Repair Low Water Pressure in Taps Yourself | DIY |How To

High Pressure Flow through tap

High Pressure Flow through tap

 [:HI]Hardness in the water leaves mineral deposits in faucet filters and aerators reducing the water flow. These scales or clogs increases with time blocking the water flow completely.”

Causes of reduced Pressure in Faucets

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

If you are living in a metro or if you are dependent on bore wells for your water needs, there is an elevated probability that the water flowing through your plumbing system is “Hard-water“. Hardness in water is caused due to dissolved minerals. Hardness can be classified as temporary hardness or permanent hardness depending on the type of dissolved minerals. Hardness in water is considered as a major cause of corrosion in pipe lines and plumbing fixtures.

Enough of theory, let me focus on one of the most common issue caused by hard-water, “Clogging in Taps or Faucets“. Most of the faucets available in the market have removable filters (see image below) at the tip. These filters are provided either to work as aerators (a mechanism to add air bubbles in low-flow faucets) or to filter out dirt and debris in water. Hardness in the water causes scale formations which sediment on the pipe walls. When water flows through the pipe, scales are carried along with the flowing water and deposited in these filters at the outlet of faucets.

Faucet with Water Filer at Tip

Faucet with Water Filter at Tip

This sedimentation leads to reduced discharge from taps which is very irritating. If the pressure of water flow from your faucet reduces over time and you have a faucet with filter mechanism you can confirm that water hardness is the villain. Follow these steps to fix it.

Step 1

First step is to identify the type of faucet that you have. Most of the taps with filter will have a notch or groove at the tip, as you see in the image above. If you can find it, it is definite that the aerator/filter is removable. You can remove the filter with your bare hands by turning it in anti-clockwise direction. If the fitting is too old, it might be too hard to open it with your bare hands. If that is the case, you can use a spanner (usually #20) to open it, holding against the notch. Be careful not to leave any scratch on the tap. Keeping cloth while opening is a good practice.

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Step 2

Shocked seeing the amount of dirt? Removed filter might look like the one shown in the image below or worse. You can see thick scales and dirt deposited in the filter. Clean it thoroughly under running water. You can use your old toothbrush to scrub the hard deposits.

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Step 3

After cleaning the deposits, your aerator should look like this. Now you can put this back in-place buy turning the filter clockwise direction. Tighten it just enough avoid water dripping from the sides of the filter. Feel the thread while you do this. Don’t hesitate to remove and put it back if you feel that the thread is not correct. You will have to repeat this process once in two months or maybe more frequently depending on the quality of supply water. I hope this post was useful and won’t call your plumber next time to fix this silly issue.

Fauced Filter after Cleaning

Faucet Filter after Cleaning

Check the flow now. I’m sure that the pressure has almost doubled now. Congo! you have done it. Do share, comment and like the post if this was useful.

3 Easy Steps to Repair Low Water Pressure in Taps Yourself | DIY |How To

High Pressure Flow through tap

High Pressure Flow through tap

 [:de]Hardness in the water leaves mineral deposits in faucet filters and aerators reducing the water flow. These scales or clogs increases with time blocking the water flow completely.”

Causes of reduced Pressure in Faucets

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

Flow Pressure through tap Before & After Fixing

If you are living in a metro or if you are dependent on bore wells for your water needs, there is an elevated probability that the water flowing through your plumbing system is “Hard-water“. Hardness in water is caused due to dissolved minerals. Hardness can be classified as temporary hardness or permanent hardness depending on the type of dissolved minerals. Hardness in water is considered as a major cause of corrosion in pipe lines and plumbing fixtures.

Enough of theory, let me focus on one of the most common issue caused by hard-water, “Clogging in Taps or Faucets“. Most of the faucets available in the market have removable filters (see image below) at the tip. These filters are provided either to work as aerators (a mechanism to add air bubbles in low-flow faucets) or to filter out dirt and debris in water. Hardness in the water causes scale formations which sediment on the pipe walls. When water flows through the pipe, scales are carried along with the flowing water and deposited in these filters at the outlet of faucets.

Faucet with Water Filer at Tip

Faucet with Water Filter at Tip

This sedimentation leads to reduced discharge from taps which is very irritating. If the pressure of water flow from your faucet reduces over time and you have a faucet with filter mechanism you can confirm that water hardness is the villain. Follow these steps to fix it.

Step 1

First step is to identify the type of faucet that you have. Most of the taps with filter will have a notch or groove at the tip, as you see in the image above. If you can find it, it is definite that the aerator/filter is removable. You can remove the filter with your bare hands by turning it in anti-clockwise direction. If the fitting is too old, it might be too hard to open it with your bare hands. If that is the case, you can use a spanner (usually #20) to open it, holding against the notch. Be careful not to leave any scratch on the tap. Keeping cloth while opening is a good practice.

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Removing Faucet or Tap Filter

Step 2

Shocked seeing the amount of dirt? Removed filter might look like the one shown in the image below or worse. You can see thick scales and dirt deposited in the filter. Clean it thoroughly under running water. You can use your old toothbrush to scrub the hard deposits.

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Salt or Mineral Deposits in Faucet Filter

Step 3

After cleaning the deposits, your aerator should look like this. Now you can put this back in-place buy turning the filter clockwise direction. Tighten it just enough avoid water dripping from the sides of the filter. Feel the thread while you do this. Don’t hesitate to remove and put it back if you feel that the thread is not correct. You will have to repeat this process once in two months or maybe more frequently depending on the quality of supply water. I hope this post was useful and won’t call your plumber next time to fix this silly issue.

Fauced Filter after Cleaning

Faucet Filter after Cleaning

Check the flow now. I’m sure that the pressure has almost doubled now. Congo! you have done it. Do share, comment and like the post if this was useful.

3 Easy Steps to Repair Low Water Pressure in Taps Yourself | DIY |How To

High Pressure Flow through tap

High Pressure Flow through tap

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